We are used to viewing teeth as solid, tough and able to handle our favourite hard foods like apples, candies and steak. What we don’t think about that often is that inside every tooth is a hollow cavity that extends from the coronal part (crown) of the tooth right down to the bottom of the root. This cavity contains soft pulp which is made up of blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue. As the name suggests, the root canal is the space within the root portion of the tooth.
The term root canal not only refers to the actual structure of a tooth, but it is also the name of a common dental treatment we are used to hearing about. A root canal treatment is the removal of infected, injured or dead pulp from your tooth.
There are several steps that our dentists will take in order to properly complete this procedure. Depending on your situation, the treatment can be done in one sitting or more than one appointment may be needed.
When is a root canal necessary?
When the pulp inside your tooth is exposed, either due to a deep cavity, loose filling or a crack, bacteria can get inside and it can become infected. Once the pulp gets infected, the tooth becomes abscessed and it can cause swelling and intense pain. By removing the damaged pulp, our dentists can save your tooth/teeth as to avoid removing them completely. Now that’s something to smile about!